NEWS | Council District 7 – Honolulu City Council |

(Star Advertiser) Editorial: New bulky item pickup plan iffy

(Source: Star Advertiser)

Bulky item pickup has always been a big, bulky mess. The city’s planned conversion to a more appointment-based system offers some potential for greater efficiency, but the pilot project starting June 3 will test whether that theory plays out in practice. Oahu residents have good reason to feel doubtful about its prospects, based on past observations the city auditor has made about trash-service inefficiencies.

There are also myriad ways things can go south over the course of the test, running through January next year — unintended consequences nobody anticipated. And the pilot zone is large, extending from Foster Village to Hawaii Kai and including Waikiki, so there could be sizable knots to untangle.

One such problem already was raised by multifamily-building representatives, who argued that the pilot project setup would compel resident managers unreasonably to manage the assorted requests for bulky-item pickup in their apartment complexes.

They were right, of course, and now the city Department of Environmental Services is working to enable appointments for pickups requested by individual apartment residents; appointments are being made online or by phone (768-3200).

There is no set date for completing the revisions to the online reservations website (accessible through a link at, said department spokesman Markus Owens, who added that the city is working with its vendor to make the software changes.

The City Council recently rejected an administration proposal to charge a fee for regular trash collection, but clearly, both branches are contemplating ways to monetize bulky item pickup as an add-on city service. Bill 13, still sitting within Council committee, would bill residents for the service.

However, Owens said, the bill is on hold — as it should be, until it’s clear that the appointment system can deliver the service in a timely fashion.

Timeliness, and overall effectiveness, were attributes found lacking in the bulky item service by the city auditor. In his report issued in August 2017, fulfillment of the existing bulky item program, in which items are set out according to a neighborhood’s fixed schedule of monthly bulky pickups, was spotty. Most of the auditor’s data came from the two-year period starting July 2015.

Over those two years, there were 115 complaints of missed or late pickups. Part of the problem appears to be staffing levels, according to the audit.

Sick leave and leave without pay were excessive, the auditor said. Between July 2015 and April 2017, 102 employees took 17,815 hours of sick leave, and 21 employees took over 3,900 hours of leave without pay. And the auditor counted 153 employees who took in $1.7 million in overtime for bulky and white-goods collection over the period July 2015 to July 2016.

Part of the problem owes to the residents either lacking information about the rules or ignoring them. There were many complaints of improperly placing the bulky items or setting them out on the wrong day.

The point is that these same employees are going to be tasked with operating a more complicated system. There must be much greater public outreach and education as the project unfolds to make it work at all.

Some of those raising concerns say the new system could improve on the current model. Trash pickup by appointment should result in trash being set out curbside for a shorter period, with fewer neighbors able to add their own random piles of rubbish. Legitimate items should be cleared more quickly.

Until it’s been proven to work, though, there should be no fee — tempting as that would be for the city, hungry for new revenue, to impose.

(Star Advertiser) Equipment torched amid conflict over Waimanalo park

(Source: Honolulu Star Advertiser)


    Signs that had been posted along the fence of Waimanalo Bay Beach Park fill the truck bed of Waimanalo resident Paul Kekauoha. The signs were taken down by park workers after excavating equipment used for the development of a controversial multipurpose field by the City and County of Honolulu was set ablaze Wednesday evening.

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An excavator and a bulldozer were set on fire near the entrance of Waimanalo Bay Beach Park, also known as Sherwoods and Sherwood Forest, where preliminary work for a much- protested city project is underway.

The city began clearing ironwood trees and brush to build a playground and sports field in April despite strong opposition from the Waimanalo community.

“Whether you oppose this project or support it, we must all agree this type of criminal activity is unacceptable and hurts everyone. Anyone who is found to have done these illegal and destructive acts will be prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law,” Mayor Kirk Caldwell said in a written statement.

Police said unknown persons set fire to the equipment at 10:35 p.m. Wednes­day. Police have opened a first-degree arson investigation. No arrests have been made.

The Honolulu Fire Department estimated damage at about $250,000, the city said. The city said prior to this that “several individuals have threatened, intimidated and unlawfully entered the construction zone.”

A group of opponents who have been sign-waving in protest at the park entrance deny any involvement.

They said there is no need to call attention to their cause through vandalism because they have already gained momentum, having collected 15,000 online signatures and 2,000 written signatures on a petition to stop the project.

“We like to have a peaceful (protest),” said Wai­ma­nalo resident Paul Kekauoha, 57, one of the sign wavers. “We can talk our heart. Now they might start blaming us, too, on this kind of craziness.”

Kukana Kama-Toth, one of the opponents’ organizers, said the subcontractor whose equipment was burned is a Waimanalo resident, and she is sympathetic to how the vandalism hurts this subcontractor’s livelihood.

“For opposing people to go over and light it on fire is tough for me,” she said. “This is throwing a wrench into our progress.”

Many beachgoers opposed the project, saying there seem to be enough parks in Waimanalo.

“They got all the other parks. Fix them up,” Jonny Hanawahine, 45, of Waimanalo said. “I think it would make more traffic.”

As for the vandalism, he said, “Lame. No look too good for the people who don’t want it.”

Justin Cordero, 26, of Makiki, a first-time visitor to the beach park, added, “It’s like a waste of money. If they build it, more people would come. Would kill the vibe.”

A city worker who asked not to be identified said not enough is being done to maintain the other city parks, and that a sliver of the cost for this project could have been used to address existing problems, including Waimanalo District Park’s Azevedo Field, which is unusable for sports.

That field is cracking because of its clay soil, making it unsafe. The city said it would cost twice as much to fix that park as it would to create the new field at the beach park.

The estimate for Phase 1, the only part of the master plan currently being pursued, is $1.43 million, and there is no budget for the rest of the improvements in the plan, the city said.

“This decision was made based on community input and desire to review the findings outlined in the Master Plan,” the city said in a written response. “Their voices are being heard, but expressing an opinion through violence will not be tolerated.”

Opponents say they have been unable to meet or speak with the district’s councilman, Ikaika Anderson, and the mayor, and that more should have been done to inform the community prior to the work commencing.

Kama-Toth said, “Whatever political deal is happening, this is actually really huge because when you look at a community of 5,600 people and 95% are in an uproar but you continue to go through with something they’re demanding to stop, ignoring the people’s voice, there must be something bigger than a playground.”

The City Council’s Committee on Parks, Community Services and Intergovernmental Affairs is holding a special meeting on the topic at 10 a.m. Wednesday at Honolulu Hale. Public testimony will be taken.

(Hawaii News Now) Urban Honolulu’s population declined for a 4th consecutive year in 2018

(Source: Hawaii News Now)

Urban Honolulu’s population declined for a 4th consecutive year in 2018
Hawaii has among the highest costs of living in the nation. (Source: Hawaii News Now)

HONOLULU, Hawaii (HawaiiNewsNow) – At a time when people are moving to cities in droves, Urban Honolulu appears to be an exception.

Newly-released Census estimates show that Urban Honolulu’s population dropped for a fourth consecutive year in 2018 ― to 347,397.

That’s down from 351,684 in 2015, or a population decline of about 1.2 percent over the period.

From 2010 to 2018, however, Urban Honolulu’s population was up overall by 2.9 percent.

Among 780 incorporated places in the United States with populations of 50,000 people or more, Honolulu ranks 56th for its size (compared to 53rd in 2010).

The Census said that Urban Honolulu makes up about 35.4 percent of Oahu’s total population.

The area’s designated boundaries extend from Aliamanu to Kahala.

The population decline in Honolulu comes as Oahu continues to see more people leaving for the mainland. From 2010 to last year, nearly 62,000 more people moved to the mainland from Oahu than moved in. That exodus was offset by births and international arrivals.

And unlike Oahu, the Neighbor Islands are seeing population growth.

The population decline in Honolulu over the last several years is in contrast to significant growth in a number of mainland cities.

The Census said the fastest-growing large city from 2017 to 2018 was Buckeye, Ariz., whose population grew by 8.5% or nearly 75,000 people over the period.

The most populated city: New York, home to 8.4 million people.

Los Angeles took a distance second, with 3.9 million people and Chicago rounded out the top three.

Copyright 2019 Hawaii News Now. All rights reserved.

(Hawaii New Now) Someone earning $67,500 a year on Oahu is now considered ‘low-income’

(Source: Hawaii News Now)

$67,500 considered low income for one person in Honolulu, according to HUD

HONOLULU, Hawaii (HawaiiNewsNow) – How high is Hawai’s cost of living?

To answer that question, you might look at the federal government’s latest income requirements for people seeking to qualify for affordable or subsidized housing programs.

In 2019, according to newly-released figures from the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, a single person living on Oahu is considered “low income” if they earn $67,500 or less.

A year ago, it was $65,350. And in 2017, “low-income” was considered $58,600.

Meanwhile, someone is “very low income” in Honolulu if they bring in $42,200 a year or less.

For comparison’s sake, the minimum wage in Hawaii ― $10.10 an hour ― translates to $21,008 a year.

A single person earning that much would fall well below the requirement for someone who’s “extremely low income” ― and earning $25,350 a year or under.

Someone earning $67,500 a year on Oahu is now considered ‘low income’

The income limits are based on median family incomes and fair market rents, and are calculated for states, metropolitan areas and counties nationwide.

The figures come amid growing concern about Hawaii’s rising cost of living and the exodus of thousands of residents to the mainland each year.

Under the HUD limits, a family of four on Oahu is considered “very low income” if they bring in $60,250 a year or less.

Income limits vary depending on which county you live in.

On the Big Island, the “low-income” limit for a single person is $44,000 or less per year. On Kauai, it’s $50,400, while its $54,700 in Maui County.

Copyright 2019 Hawaii News Now. All rights reserved.

(Star Advertiser) Owner of smaller properties who develops affordable units to receive big breaks under new Honolulu law

(Source: Star Advertiser)

Bankers, builders and housing advocates flanked Mayor Kirk Caldwell as he signed the Affordable Rental Housing Bill into law Tuesday.

Bill 7 aims to give owners of lots 20,000 square feet in size or less enough incentives to develop affordable rental units in apartment, business and mixed-use areas.

Among those incentives are greater density, taller allowable heights, less setback, no required parking, waivers from building permit application and wastewater facilities charges, no park dedication fees and a 10-year tax waiver on property taxes.

In exchange, the property owner must agree to rent 80% of the new units to people making 100% of Oahu median income as defined by federal housing guidelines. In 2019 that means renting to a two­-income couple making a maximum of $93,300 annually a two-bedroom unit for $2,100 a month.

At the signing, Caldwell was joined by builders, bankers and Councilwoman Kymberly Pine, who shepherded the bill through the City Council.

The mayor singled out retired developer Marshall Hung, whom he credited with approaching city officials about the need to jump-start affordable rental development to meet a pent-up demand.

Hung presented city officials with a rendering of a five-story walk-up that he thought could be achievable if certain incentives were granted that would get units built for a maximum of $225 a square foot. The hope is that 500 units will be built annually.

“It’s not super-fancy,” Caldwell said, noting that it has no parking, less setback but greater density, “but it’s utilitarian. It gets to the goal.”

He acknowledged the bill could have an adverse effect on streets and neighborhoods. “It’s a pilot for five years. We’ll see what happens and what the impacts are,” he said.

Hung said the presence of executives from four major Hawaii banks, each of which “will be reaching out to their landowner customers,” showed the legislation’s significance. “It’s going to take a community effort to get 10-15 (projects) per annum.”

Peter Ho, Bank of Hawaii CEO and president, said the bill was thoughtfully crafted. “In our view, affordability is easily the biggest issue that our community faces, and housing is the biggest issue within affordability,” Ho said.

Ho, Central Pacific Bank Senior Vice President Todd Jackson, American Savings Bank Senior Vice President Dan Hirabayashi and First Hawaiian Bank Senior Vice President Dan Nishikawa said they are working on loan programs that would cater to those taking advantage of the new program.

A good bet to be among the first to approach the banks is Tim Johnsson and his firm, PhotonWorks Engineering.

Johnsson said his small general contracting company was already intending to submit plans to the Department of Planning and Permitting for a five-story, 50-unit affordable-housing complex on McCully Street in the next six weeks. “This bill allowed us to build more than double the number of units and also make them more affordable, so we’ve even managed to reduce the rent significantly for these units,” he said.

Part of the equation includes being allowed to create retail space on the ground level, Johnsson said. Not being required to build one parking stall per unit as usually required made a big difference as well, he said. Instead, the building will incorporate bike-sharing and car-­sharing areas, he said.

While not required to do so under the new law, the building will have an elevator, Johnsson said. “It’s good to have the option to not have to include the elevator, because it’s quite expensive.”

(Star Advertiser) Honolulu council might take Police Commission to court over Louis Kealoha’s legal fees

(Source: Star Advertiser)


    “The criminal indictment against Mr. Kealoha alleges that he coordinated and conspired with other police officers to frame his wife’s uncle in connection with a personal dispute involving his wife and relatives. These are not the kinds of actions that a police officer would be doing in performance of his official duty.”

    Ron Menor


In what would be an unprecedented move, several Honolulu City Council members want to take the Honolulu Police Commission to court over whether the city should pay former Police Chief Louis Kealoha’s legal fees.

Councilman Ron Menor, chairman of the Executive Matters and Legal Affairs Committee, said Tuesday he is introducing a resolution calling on city attorneys to appeal the commission’s decision to Hawaii Circuit Court.

The federal conspiracy case against Kealoha and his wife, former Honolulu Deputy Prosecutor Katherine Kealoha, is set to begin today.

The Honolulu City Charter calls for the Police Commission to decide requests for outside legal counsel by officers. But the charter leaves it up to the City Council to approve the use of city funds for attorneys’ fees. Any request must first get past Menor’s EMLA Committee.

The commission voted 4-1 on March 20 to approve an unspecified amount to Kealoha for attorney fees tied to his defense in the so-called mailbox case brought by federal prosecutors. The commission went against the advice of the Department of Corporation Counsel, the city’s chief legal arm, by voting to OK the funding.

The decision concluded that the “Kealoha’s alleged acts … were done in the performance of Kealoha’s duty as a police officer so as to entitle him to be represented and defended by an attorney to be employed and paid by the City and County of Honolulu.”

In late March, Menor and then-interim Council Chairwoman Ann Kobayashi asked the commission to reconsider its decision.

Commission Chairwoman Loretta Sheehan told the Hono­lulu Star-Advertiser that it is against commission rules to reconsider such a decision.

Menor said Tuesday that he and others on the Council continue to disagree with the conclusion that Kealoha’s alleged actions were done in the performance of his duty as a police officer.

“The criminal indictment against Mr. Kealoha alleges that he coordinated and conspired with other police officers to frame his wife’s uncle in connection with a personal dispute involving his wife and relatives,” Menor said. “These are not the kinds of actions that a police officer would be doing in performance of his official duty. Moreover, the events related to Mr. Kealoha appear to have taken place at his personal residence and on a weekend when he would have been off duty.”

Furthermore, Menor said, city taxpayers shouldn’t assume the bill for Kealoha’s outside counsel because he already has an attorney to represent him in the criminal trial appointed for him by the federal court.

Both Sheehan and Commissioner Stephen Levinson said they they have no issue with the Council appealing their decision.

“Guidance from the Circuit Courts, and Hawaii’s appellate courts, can only clarify the interpretation of (Hawaii statutes on the issue),” Sheehan said. “It’s understandable, commendable even, that the City Council would try to protect the Honolulu taxpayer from Chief Kealoha’s legal fees, especially since Chief Kea­loha qualified for free legal counsel from the federal government.”

Levinson, a former Hawaii Supreme Court justice, said it’s the Council’s prerogative to appeal. “I believe that we would all benefit from some guidance from the Hawaii appellate courts, should the matter go that far.”



(Hawaii News Now) Kapalama Elementary named national Green Ribbon School

(Source: Hawaii News Now)

Kapalama Elementary named national Green Ribbon School
Kapalama Elementary has been named a national Green Ribbon School by the U.S. Department of Education. (Image: Google Maps)

HONOLULU, Hawaii (HawaiiNewsNow) – Kapalama Elementary has been named a Green Ribbon School by the U.S. Department of Education.

The title is only given to 35 schools around the entire country.

Kapalama earned the honor for their work addressing environmental concerns, improving health and wellness and promoting sustainability.

Some of the projects the school has taken on: New landscaping and innovative waste management projects.

Copyright 2019 Hawaii News Now. All rights reserved.

(Star Advertiser) Editorial: YMCA site ideal for affordable housing

(Source: Star Advertiser)

On the doorstep to Waikiki, there’s a redevelopment opportunity that went wrong, but there’s still a chance to salvage something Honolulu desperately needs: affordable housing.

The Central YMCA at 401 Atkinson Drive has been put up for sale, which means 11 employees will be out of work and residents in 115 low-cost rental units will be displaced. It’s not unexpected, but the news still came as a jolt to those most affected.

All of Honolulu will be affected to some degree, because the residents in those hostel units will be added to the roster of those searching for affordable housing, and because the city is losing a community asset for good.

The Central Y’s imminent departure signals the need for the city to leverage the development value of the 1.8-acre prime property and secure something more generally beneficial than another block of high-end, luxury condominiums or condo-hotels.

This YMCA, open to the public since 1951, included a fitness center, pool and youth program facilities as well as the housing. Those facilities, except for the apartments, closed in 2015 in preparation for redevelopment.

All this had been expected to reopen with the new complex under a deal signed in 2012, when Y officials agreed to sell 1.5 acres of the site and to use sale proceeds to finance a new YMCA on the remaining land.

The property was to have been acquired by the San Francisco-based MB Property Acquisitions LLC and Aloha Kai Development LLC, an affiliate of Tama Home Co. Ltd. of Tokyo. But Aloha Kai struggled to complete its part of the purchase and start work, and after an extension of a deadline, the parties entered into arbitration talks.

In July 2016, the Y notified Aloha Kai it had terminated the agreement; the arbitrator ultimately awarded YMCA a $2 million settlement for the failed deal. That payment obligation was fulfilled recently.

Last week the nonprofit YMCA announced the property sale, adding that plans to rebuild its own facility had been withdrawn.

Surely, whatever new owner comes forward can’t be held to the same development plans, ideal though they had seemed for community use. But at least where affordable housing is concerned, Honolulu, already reeling from its housing shortage, is taking a blow from the loss.

And the city would be well advised to look for ways to secure some moderately-priced homes for sale or rent as a reconfigured development plan takes shape.

In 2013, the YMCA, represented by MB Property Acquisitions sought and eventually secured rezoning of the property from A-2 Medium-Density Apartment District, with a height limit of 150 feet, to High-Density Apartment Mixed Use District, with a height limit of 350 feet.

The land sits near the planned rail terminus at Ala Moana Center, but it won’t need to undergo review under the transit-oriented development (TOD) plan for the area a half-mile radius around the station. That’s because the owners already have the zoning entitled for the sale and would not be held to the affordable-housing requirements of TOD.

But the purchasers likely would want to improve on the deal, and may be open to renegotiating with the city what they would be willing to give for additional density or other incentives.

The Y system has a number of improvement needs and so will want to pitch the property as having the maximum building potential. But it’s the duty of the City Council and city administration to advocate for the public interest here: a healthy commitment to affordable housing.

Officials for the Y have said that they will work to relocate affected employees. That’s good; but there’s still reason to expect them, and others, to recognize how the closure will affect low-income renters, as well.

(Hawaii News Now) New raised crosswalk slows down traffic on Kalihi Street ― as intended

(Source: Hawaii News Now)

New raised crosswalk slows down traffic on Kalihi Street ― as intended

A new raised crosswalk is slowing down traffic on Kalihi Street (as planned)

HONOLULU, Hawaii (HawaiiNewsNow) – A new crosswalk is slowing down traffic on a busy stretch of Kalihi Street. And officials say that’s exactly why it was put in.

The so-called “tabletop crosswalk” is raised slightly above the regular pavement, and is the first of several planned for the area.

There are posted signs warning drivers about the crosswalk and to slow down to 20 mph.

A spokesman for the state Department of Transportation said thousands of cars pass through the area everyday. But so do thousands of students.

“There are about 3,700 students who go to school directly in this area,” said Tim Sakahara.

“It’s right across the street from Kalakaua Middle School, it’s right up the road from Farrington (High School), right down the road from Kalihi Kai Elementary School.”

The posted speed limit in the area is 25 mph. But many drivers are known to go faster than that. The raised crosswalk took some of them by surprise.


“It’s a heavy traffic area, and they put that bump in there, and then everybody slows down, and then there’s more traffic,” one motorist said.


But slowing down is exactly the point, according to the DOT.

“We really want people to change their culture in driving, especially near school zones, to really slow down for the safety of themselves and the people crossing the street,” said Sakahara.

“Groups of kids have a tendency to be looking down,” added Lance Rae, of Walk Wise Hawaii.

“They don’t necessarily have cell phones with them, but they’ll be carrying a backpack or talking to friends, so they’re not really paying attention while crossing the street. So having something elevated like that is perfect for kids.”

The DOT is making several improvements on that stretch of Kalihi Street, and plans to install four more raised crosswalks on the stretch between Dillingham Boulevard and North King Street.

It’s still something new that drivers have to get used to ― even if they think it’s a good idea.

“When we were rushing to an appointment today, it was kinda, very bumpy,” said Aloha Sabalo, who was riding in a car with a friend. But when asked if it was a good thing, she replied, “Yes, I think that it is very important.”

Copyright 2019 HawaNews Now. All rights reserved.

(StarAdvertiser) Partnership owns about 1,000 mostly low-income apartments in Hawaii

(Source: Honolulu Star Advertiser)

About 1,000 mainly low-income Hawaii households have a new private landlord after a more than two-year effort by the state to shed a portfolio of affordable rental housing.

The change, which has worried many residents, affects five properties on three islands now and a sixth property soon.

Komohale LP, a partnership between local developer Stanford Carr and Los Angeles-based Standard Communities, now owns Kauhale Kakaako, Pohulani Elderly and Kekuilani Courts on Oahu; La‘ilani Apartments on Hawaii island; and Honokowai Kauhale on Maui as part of a $130 million purchase from the Hawaii Housing Finance and Development Corp. that closed Friday.

A sixth property, the 226-unit Kamakee Vista on Oahu, is included in the sale pact but is scheduled to be transferred on or before July 15 because it is on land owned by the Atherton Family Foundation and leased to the state through 2056.

The five other properties are on state land and were sold with 75-year land leases under which Komohale pays the state $1 a year in ground rent. At the end of the lease, the state automatically reclaims ownership of the buildings.

As part of the deal, Komohale must spend $85 million to renovate all the homes within three years.

The renovation work includes exterior building improvements but equates to $69,615 per unit.

HHFDC initiated the sale by deciding in late 2016 to seek competitive bids to buy its portfolio. Komohale was selected in late 2017 as making the best offer among six bidders.

State officials say the privatization will allow more efficient and quicker improvements to the aging complexes containing significant deferred maintenance because HHFDC was not set up to own and maintain affordable housing.

The agency’s primary mission is to help private developers finance new affordable housing.

“It’s more cost effective to sell the leasehold interest and have Standard Communities and Stanford Carr Development bring private capital to pay for renovations and other capital improvements through the sale,” Gov. David Ige said in a statement. “Leveraging private funds through partnerships like this is a more efficient use of state resources.”

Additionally, HHFDC plans to help produce more low-income housing with $40 million in net proceeds from the sale after paying off debt on the properties.

This, state officials have said, will help offset an expected long-term shift for the six properties from serving mostly low-income tenants to serving only moderate-income residents.

Craig Hirai, HHFDC’s executive director, said in a statement that in the long run the transaction will generate more affordable housing that serves residents with a broader range of incomes.

Under terms of the sale, the new owner can’t raise rents for existing tenants more than 2% a year over the first five years and then 5% annually for another 30 years, except at Pohulani where the 2% cap would continue for current tenants as long as they stay.

HHFDC also said it will continue, and in some cases increase, rent subsidies it provides to many existing tenants.

Despite the assistance and rent limitations, some tenants fear that a private owner will be motivated by profit to churn tenants and maximize rents.

“The people (in my building) are very afraid,” said Gordon Lindsey, a retired state worker who lives at Kauhale Kakaako. “A lot of people are thinking of where they are going to go.”

Lindsey said he was recently notified that his monthly rent is scheduled to rise by $30 as of July.

Monthly rent last year at the six properties ranged from $942 to $1,268 for studios up to three- bedroom units.

For new tenants, Komohale can raise rents to HHFDC-set limits deemed affordable for households earning up to the median income for some of the homes and up to 80% of the median income for other units.

Currently, most tenants in the six properties earn no more than 60% of Honolulu’s median income, which last year equated to $49,020 for a single person or $69,960 for a family of four on Oahu.

At the 80% of median income level, maximum monthly rent could be $1,634 for a studio and $2,426 for a three-bedroom unit on Oahu. At the median income, those figures are $2,042 and $3,032 respectively.